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BPR vs BPM – What is the Difference?

Difference between BPM and BPR

This article discusses the differences between BPR vs BPM in terms of business process improvement. So, if you’re looking to finish your business process, this article is for you.

Business Process Re-engineering, often known as BPRE, is a business management technique that involves undertaking a business process reconstruction for the purpose of improving the product or service quality while simultaneously minimizing long-term expenditure.

Whereas BPM, or Business Process Management, is the strategic planning of the management and maintenance of the workflow in order to improve the efficiency of the existing business processes and the overall organization with a long-term string of procedures that acts as the backbone for all business processes.

What is Business Process Re-engineering (BPR)?

The definition of business process reengineering (BPR): a systematic, disciplined strategy to lower organizational costs and unnecessary business processes by analyzing existing human and automated workflows.

Processes can pile up over time in huge firms — and even smaller or medium-sized ones — and become legacy snarls that are deeply embedded in how things are done. BPR is a tried-and-true methodology that enables businesses to untangle the Gordian Knots that are preventing true cost reduction and improvement.

Advantages of BPR

  • Flexibility

The only thing that is constant is change, and companies are no exception to this rule since they are frequently confronted with the need for transformation. Changes may become necessary for a variety of reasons, including new rules, technology advancements, market needs, or the introduction of new ways of working.

  • Productivity Is Being Increased

Company Process Reengineering (BPR) is a technique that focuses on the automation of a large number of repetitive aspects that occur in a typical business workflow. Business process improvements are primarily comprised of the elimination of process bottlenecks, the use of parallel processing, and the complete elimination of duplicate stages and steps.

  • Risks Have Been Reduced

It provides enterprises with the option to function more efficiently, allowing them to save money on their operating costs. Business Process Reengineering is also responsible for the development of better-designed, implemented, and monitored processes, which has the potential to lower operational risks such as fraud.

  • Transparency Is Increased

Organizations are required to adhere to a set of industry regulations in order to continue to operate. Business process reengineering ensures that firms maintain transparency and are able to implement regulatory requirements without difficulty, hence preventing delays in compliance and the resulting fines and penalties. 

  • Employee Satisfaction Is Important

Business process reengineering reduces the amount of red tape in firms, allowing people to devote their whole attention to their jobs. This process automation reduces a great deal of repetitive work, which, in turn, makes access to information more convenient, resulting in higher productivity and a happy staff overall.

Disadvantages of BPR

  1. A Scarcity of Knowledge

For the personnel to get the necessary knowledge in the industry, they must be properly trained or retouched with extensive business process reengineering programs. Only via appropriate training, mentoring, and knowledge transfer will the business be able to observe the correct process execution.

  • Implementation Process

irregularities throughout the implementation process as well as choosing the wrong course. Processes in the Workplace Reengineering cannot be carried out in order to get a competitive edge in a short period of time. For observable progress to be made, the complete procedure must be followed step by step. 

  • Team Formation That Is Not Appropriate

The well-defined team must be on the lookout for any new upgrades to various process reengineering approaches that may have been released in the meanwhile. Not only is it important to have the relevant expertise, but it is also important to have the right team members included in the operation and management.

  • Misallocation Of Available Resources

Because a lack of critical resources can entirely derail the bridge that connects the organization and the reengineering process, getting this right is the very first step to take. If there is a necessity, you must ensure that the appropriate resources are readily available when needed.

  • Incorrect Allocation Of Resources

Analysis that was flawed, as well as a lack of support from team members. The process milestones should always be well researched and developed in advance of the start of the process. In order for the method to be successful, you must guarantee that all of the necessary data and information is available to the entire team.

If you want to begin your business process reengineering journey, you can explore some relevant Certification Courses for Business Analysts.

What is Business Process Management (BPM)?

Business process management refers to the study, identification, modification, and monitoring of business processes in order to guarantee that they function smoothly and may be improved over time. It is a crucial element of the access and uses puzzle because no or poor processes severely diminish your capacity to get at and exploit information.

BPM is best described as a business practice that includes approaches and processes. It is not a technology, though there are some on the market that does, because of what they allow: identifying and adjusting existing processes to fit with a desired, presumably better, the future state of affairs. It’s all about formalizing and institutionalizing more efficient work processes.

To gain a better understanding of business process management, it is necessary to be aware of its advantages and disadvantages. 

Advantages of BPM

  • Problem-Solving Made Straightforward

Because work processes are well-distributed to the appropriate personnel for the job, the operation framework is simplified in BPM environments. When there are issues that need to be resolved or improved, business process management (BPM) is implemented. BPM enables employees to tackle difficulties in their own sectors with greater concentration and resources thanks to the use of business process management.

  • Risks Have Been Reduced

This one has a strong connection to the problem-solving attribute of business process management. Employees who are strategically positioned help to reduce organizational risks and pitfalls to the extent that concentration is maintained and resources are effectively handled. Companies are better equipped to make better judgments when faced with a predicted situation since the risks have been lowered.

  • Measurability

As previously said, one of the primary goals of BPM is to increase visibility. When applied early in the process, the discipline is able to demonstrate tangible and quantifiable results. When statistical data is well-presented and evaluated, it can assist companies in determining what is working and what is not working.

  • Excellence In The Eyes Of Both Customers And Employees

A customer-focused approach, as well as personnel development, are achieved through BPM. Customers benefit from improved customer service, information technology support, and the ability to specify their choices for the products or services they desire, among other benefits. It is taken into consideration what they require.

Disadvantages of BPM

  • Funds Were Mismanaged

When the BPM framework is applied appropriately, the benefits of the framework will be enjoyed to the fullest extent. Compliance with the methodology will result in significant financial and other resources being lost, which is the last thing you want to happen to your company.

  • Innovators Are Limited

The use of contemporary technology and human resources should be maximized when it comes to business process management, as previously discussed. Companies who use BPM, however, have been said to be less adept at responding to new technology or fashion trends than their competitors. Process management, it is argued, serves as an impediment to new ideas.

  •  General Lack of Interaction

Almost everything revolves around communication. The separation of workflows and processes in business process management (BPM) has raised concerns among some firms that this may lead to poor communication between personnel working in different sectors of expertise.

  • Cost Ineffective

 It is not inexpensive, even though BPM is reasonably priced. You’ll still have to shell out a lot of cash to complete the project. It is possible to recoup your investment in a short period of time, or even experience a significant increase in your return on investment. Your company will face major difficulties if this is not the case. The inability to distribute information effectively can also result in insufficient analysis.

Although BPM has its drawbacks, many firms and organizations continue to use it in spite of these downsides. In contrast, despite the fact that it offers numerous advantages, some people are skeptical of its effectiveness. BPM can cause a business to lose money by resulting in the loss of clients, sales, intellectual property, and other resources if it is not handled properly.

Similarities Between BPR And BPM 

  1. Several business processes are similar across them, such as comprehending the existing procedures, identification, evaluation, and analysis, among others. 
  2. The primary objectives of business process reengineering and business process management are to increase the speed and quality of business processes.
  3. Both methods are aimed at lowering costs while also ensuring that the organization’s workflow is carried out smoothly.

BPR vs BPM in Tabular Form

Business Process Re-engineering (BPR)Business Process Management (BPM)
Rebuilds a process flow using a novel approach.Monitors and maintains the current state of affairs.
Identifies and eliminates any duplicate processes.Any process in the business flow is not rejected.
A more strategic, cross-functional approach.A disciplined managerial approach.
By planning the future state process, it improves operational efficiency. The basic goal of BPR is to recreate a procedure.Any business procedures in an organizational workflow are not redesigned or recreated by BPM.
Individually examines the procedures. The goal is to find a better method that produces better results.Has a consistent strategy to managing a group of business processes at the same time.
Any collaboration is purely coincidental.Aligns and collaborates more efficiently on HR and IT resources.
From the very beginning of development, there are changes.Reiterates standard practices and procedures while heavily relying on various automation solutions.
Analyzes and views an operation from a variety of perspectives.In a method, no new operational view is adopted.
Higher expenses in comparison, as it focuses on lowering the long-term expenditure rate.Lesser expenses.
BPR strategies cut across organizational lines.No new amendments occur in an organization’s culture via business process management.
bpr vs bpm in table

Importance of Business Process Management 

  • Business Process Management (BPM) is the backbone of the business workflow. Business process management allows you to run a more efficient and smoother workflow while also disciplinarily controlling and analysing all of your business strategies, both automated and non-automated.
  • Business process management (BPM) is a broad business technique. As a result, it shares the organization’s concerns about optimising business processes, orchestrating systems, monitoring complicated systems, and other issues.
  • BPM strategy only works with the process flow that has been written out, and it operates under the constraints of the management strategies that have been established. As a result, automation has a significant impact on business process management.
  • Business process automation (BPA) is an improved, digitised, and automated version of traditional business process management (BPM). BPM has since been merged with a variety of new technologies in order to satisfy the demands of today’s businesses.
  • Business process automation, also known as Digital Process Automation (DPA), is a digital transformation of the traditional business method management (BPM) process that focuses on increasing the customer experience rather than on automating it.

Importance of Business Process Re-engineering

  • The use of automation is a compelling technology when a definite piece of a task is involved. However, one of the most difficult challenges a manager will face is deciding to focus on eliminating duplicate operations rather than automating those activities.
  • Some managers continue to use an excessive number of automation technologies and approaches in the name of business process management, resulting in the waste of time and other resources on the wrong issues.
  • The majority of the procedures that are automated in the firm workflow begin to provide unfavourable results as a result of this circumstance.
  • Concern yourself with how to manage a routine activity rather than reviewing and eliminating the duplicate and time-consuming activities that clog up your day. It is vital to contribute to the rebuilding or abolition of that inessential process in its entirety.

Are you an entry-level business analysis professional? Start your business analysis career and validate your skills with the ECBA certification exam.


The idea behind business process management (BPM) is to improve the efficiency with which existing business processes are managed, whereas business process improvement (BPR) aims to improve performance by implementing entirely new processes aimed at reducing the costs associated with the day-to-day operations of the business while simultaneously improving quality and speed.

In general, business performance is heavily influenced by technological advancements and the surrounding environment. BPR is required when a specific technology becomes obsolete; for example, changes in IT architecture may necessitate the implementation of BPR.

The goal of BPM is to address customer issues and increase their satisfaction by analyzing their needs and areas of dissatisfaction and then implementing the necessary strategies to ensure improvement in product quality. In contrast, the goal of BPR is to analyze business processes from the beginning and eliminate practices that are barriers to the growth of a company.

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